The New York Times : January 9, 1938

[ The New York Times : January 9, 1938, by F. Tillman Durdin ]
"Wholesale looting was one of the major crimes of the Japanese occupation. Once a district was in their full control, Japanese soldiers received free rein to loot all houses therein. [...] Occupants of homes were robbed and any who resisted were shot."

"Many Chinese civilians who failed to leave the southern and southwestern sections of the city were killed, the total probably running as high as the total of military dead. This writer, visiting the South City after the Japanese had occupied the area, found sections of it almost demolished by Japanese shelling, and Chinese civilian dead were lying everywhere."


[ Documents of the Nanking Safety Zone : December 17, 1937 ]
"In other words, on the 13th when your troops entered the city, we had nearly all the civilian population gathered in a Zone in which there had been very little destruction by stray shells and no looting by Chinese soldiers even in full retreat."
(PDF)
December 17, 1937 "International Committee for Nanking Safety Zone"


[ The New York Times : December 9, 1937, by F. Tillman Durdin ]
"The entire heavily populated area around the south gate was cleared people, who have been sent to the city's safety zone, and a district the size of a small city was being set afire."


[ Diaries of Minnie Vautrin ]
December 8, 1937
"This evening we are receiving our first refugees - and what heartbreaking stories they have to tell. They are ordered by Chinese military to leave their homes immediately if they do not they will be considered traitors and shot. In some cases their houses are burned, if they interfere with the military plans. Most of people come from near South Gate and the southeast part of city."

December 9
"Tonight the flames are lighting the sky above the whole southwest corner of the city and during much of the afternoon we have seen clouds of smoke rising from every direction save northwest. The aim of the Chinese military is to get all obstructions out of their way - obstructions for their guns and possible ambush or protection for Japanese troops. McDaniel of Associated Press says he watched the fires being started with kerosene. The owners of these houses are the refugees who have been coming into the city in great crowds during the last two days."

December 10
"Fires have been seen around the city a good part of day, and tonight the sky to the west is aflame - the destruction of the houses of the poor just outside city wall."

December 14
"There was also occasional rifle firing - probably by Japanese guards at marauding group of Chinese soldiers or looters.
I could also here firing at Hsia Gwan and in my imagination it was at small sanpans filled with soldiers, trying to across the Yangtze and get away to the north."

(PDF) *Microfilmed collection of Vautrin papers includes her diary
Date: 2014.01.05
Category: Comparison of the descriptions
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